Great Plains Toad
Scientific Name: Anaxyrus cognatus
The Great Plains Toad has really cool distinctive large, dark spots with light edges on its back with its background color being gray brown to green. Each of these spots has a small number of warts on it.
Where they live
As its name suggests, the Great Plains Toad inhabits the Great Plains. In our state of Minnesota, the toad covers the west edge of the state. They live in prairies, tall grass prairies, and nonnative grasslands.
The Great Plains toad breeds only after rain storms in spring and summer when the temperature exceeds 55°F. A calling male clutches any toad that happens to touch him, and once a female is clasped she is retained tenaciously. A single female may lay as many as 20,000 eggs, which are attached to debris near the bottom of temporary pools, permanent springs, and small streams. Roughly two days after laying the eggs hatch.
What They Eat
In the wild they eat terrestrial insects, worms, and other small invertebrates. At our facility they are fed crickets and mealworms.
- The mating call of a Great Plains Toad has a mechanical quality, unlike the American Toads musical trill.